A Place To Find Your Family History


From the year 908 in which came the destruction, up to 1039 in which came the rebuilding of the town of Greci, there being no other mention, we must assume that Greci with its few surviving inhabitants remained in desolate abandonment for a long time.

In 1039 which corresponds exactly to the VII year of the Princedom of Pandolfo, Prince of Benevento, and to II year of the princedom of Landolfo his son and partner in the kingdom, gave permission to Count Patone, Ocatapano, that is to say governor, authority to rebuild the ancient destroyed town of Greci. “Ut concederemus ei eisque haeredibus”- are the words on the certificate of concession that will be reported by “exstensum” in the appendix, - civitatem quae vocarur Graeci, quae nunc destructa esse dinoscitur, ad restaurandam et reconciandum earn, et cuncta qualiter hie inferius declaratur habendum jure quieto.

The land of the town of Greci in that year which marked the rebuilding, had a vast surrounding which it must have had from the first moment of its rebuilding.

To the east the boundaries were the region then called “Traspadine”, the way that leads from Lucera to Bovino, and the stream called Sannoro.
To the south it was bounded by the stream called Lavella as far as the road that goes to Bovino and extending all along the Cervaro River as far as the region then known as “Pedicaro”, and which corresponds to the ancient track that is still visible above the Gonnelle bridge toward the (salita?) of the Monache.

To the west it was bounded by S. Eleuterio (now Equotutico) a destroyed area which later was the farm of the bishop of Ariano who took the title of baron. Later, after the laws of abolition, it was sold by the royal government with the region, a place also in (tenimento?) of Ariano, which at that time was called S. Maria dellOOspedale.

Finally, to the north, the boundary of Greci was marked by the Egnazia road, as far as ancient Crepacore, known today as S. Vito, extending as far as the region that then was called Portula, which is actually Buccolo di Troja (Troia). (fill)

Now, from the descriptions that I have given oof the limits of the territory of the town of Greci, as I have inferred them from the above mentioned certificate-document by Prince Pandolfo of Benevento, it shows that in the said territory there were then included not only a great part of the lands of Crepacore, Faeto, and Celle, and of Ripalonga (today called Terrastrutta) which at that time did not have a simple castle and was destroyed by the plague in 1565. It also included the lands of Orsara and Montaguto.

More than once, influenced by the love for my birthplace, I have wanted to recall of the limits of the territory of the ancient town of Greci. Perhaps it will make me seem exalted and megalomaniac.

The history is not destroyed, and without doubt the title is authentic and lawful, and the statements from which I took the boundaries clearly belong to history. (fn2)



(fnl) - Anciently, on the edges of Buccolo, there was a hamlet that was named S. Croce di Portula. In the times that I have written about in this chapter, life in this our country developed along the ancient track, that is to say about the via Egnazia which went from Rome, for Benevento and for Buccola di Troja, that led to Brindisi. And thus explains the existence then of the places that no longer exist, which were Equotutico, Vescelinum, Crepacore, S. Croce di Portula, Castiglione, Ripalonga and other places which all existed near the said Egnazia.

(fn2) - The illustrious (aw.?) Giuseppe Terlizzi of Orsara wrote the following to me with regard to the words used in the certificate by Prince Pandolfo of Benevento about the boundaries of the town of Greci on the east side:

Here we do not marvel at Pandolfo’s certificate that authorized the reconstruction of the town of Greci and the assignment of land that was in large part included in the territories of Orsara and Montaguto. Without disputing the facts of the authorization and the meaning of the certificate, it is known that in the Middle Ages descriptions given by the princes in their concessions were not always founded on checking the facts and reality and the locations of dwellings.

In 1039 Orsara not only existed but it was the most important territory in this region, like a fortified place and the seat of civil and ecclesiastical authority. Many monuments still exist to demonstrate this fact.

The Sannoro and Lavello rivers originated in the territory of Orsara and traversed it for a long way forming then (confine?) of the rivers Troja and Bovino near their confluence on the Cervaro. If one had to dispute the pertinence of these territories, a good part of the holdings of Greci would be set aside to Orsara. It seems in fact from incontrovertible documents, and especially from verbal opposition to the limits executed in 1343 with the intervention by the judge prefect of Capitanata, and by the mayors of all the nearby communities, that the territory of Ripalonga (Terrastrutta combined with Orsara) came from one side of the Capella of S. Vito at the Cervaro River, and from another that extended as far as to a little distance from the occupied area of Greci.

RHV Translation Draft - 4/17/97